Hi Everyone, As google explained in the Link schemes, Examples of link schemes which can negatively impact a site's ranking in search results Buying or selling links that pass PageRank Excessive link exchanges ("Link to me and I'll link to you") or partner pages exclusively for the sake of cross-linking Large-scale article marketing or guest posting campaigns with keyword-rich anchor text links Using automated programs or services to create links to your site Unnatural links that may violate Google guidelines: Links with optimized anchor text in articles or press releases distributed on other sites. Low-quality directory or bookmark site links Forum comments with optimized links in the post or signature Therefore, article submissions, press release, social bookmarks, directory submissions are no more worth in SEO as before. So, what are the recommend and latest SEO Off page techniques. Your comments please. Thank you.