So I already had 4 pva Gmail accounts but I needed a new USA Gmail account. What I did was connecting to amazon web service (aws) VPS and start creating Gmails. Problem was Google requested phone verification. I tried smspva.com but their Russian-only phone service was totally crap. As I found no solution to break this final step, I failed. But interestingly, after turning off vps and when I created same Gmail account on my IP, guess what? Google didn't bother to ask me phone verification! So it seems Gmail creation system is deeply connected to with IP, Subnet or City? And if the city has a clean profile, then Google will not even ask you PVA, right? So the reason why I failed in aws vps is perhaps that Google flagged aws zone and tightned security. I am still confused though, can you correct me? what's your theory? P.S Another funny thing of my theory : I just confirmed when I clicked on Google Recaptcha button, it just passed without asking me anything. Maybe this is telling me my IP is very clean?