Code: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/07/business/senate-backs-wider-internet-tax-collection.html?_r=1& Christopher Gregory/The New York Times Grover Norquist?s Americans for Tax Reform, which wields great influence in the House, opposes the measure. By JONATHAN WEISMAN Published: May 6, 2013 WASHINGTON ? A bipartisan coalition in the Senate easily passed legislation on Monday to force Internet retailers to collect sales taxes for state and local governments, sending the issue to the House, where antitax forces have vowed to kill it. But the 69-to-27 vote in the Senate will give the measure significant momentum. Hundreds of retailers are flying to Washington this week to pressure House lawmakers and counter the arguments of small-government groups, including Grover Norquist?s Americans for Tax Reform, which wields great influence in the House. ?After 20 years, there is finally light at the end of the tunnel for our brick-and-mortar businesses,? said Representative Steve Womack, Republican of Arkansas, and the bill?s House sponsor. ?Saving local retail business depends on it, and it?s now up to the House to act.? The Internet sales tax bill ? called the Marketplace Fairness Act ? is a rarity in Washington these days, a significant tax measure that has split antitax groups in Washington from reliably Republican Main Street businesses beyond the capital. That divide has given the measure at least a chance to reach President Obama, who supports it. With Republicans in Congress equally split, Senator Richard Durbin of Illinois, the Senate?s No. 2 Democrat, joked Monday that C-Span watchers would see something ?historic? and ?precedent-setting:? ?The Senate is actually going to vote for a bill.? The legislation would allow states to force online retailers with more than $1 million in annual out-of-state sales to collect sales taxes from all customers and remit those taxes back to state and local governments. States would have to provide software to help calculate the taxes for thousands of jurisdictions. Its sponsors intentionally kept the bill simple ? just 11 pages in length ? to ease passage. In contrast, the Congressional Joint Committee on Taxation on Monday released a 568-page report to the House Ways and Means Committee on options for overhauling the tax code compiled by 11 bipartisan House working groups tackling that issue. The release was intended to push forward comprehensive tax reform, but it only underscored how difficult a task that will be in a divided Congress. The Senate Internet tax debate revolved around advocates? arguments that applying sales taxes online is only fair, since traditional brick-and-mortar retailers must levy such taxes already. Supporters said the bill was not a tax increase but a guarantee that taxes already owed would actually be paid. The Senate, they said, was standing up for the right of states to collect taxes as they see fit. ?The first thing we have to make sure everybody understands is this isn?t a tax issue,? said Matthew Shay, chief executive of the National Retail Federation, which pushed for the legislation. ?States determine the level of sales taxes to be collected. All we want to do is make sure the taxes are collected that are due.? But opponents say they will try to slow the process down in the House and shift the conversation to their issues: fears that the complexity of collecting the taxes will put many Internet retailers out of business or subject them to an avalanche of audits from state and local governments around the country. In a ?Memo for the Movement,? a coalition of 52 conservatives on Monday demanded that House Republican leaders not bring the Senate bill straight to the House floor and also said House conservatives ?should reject any bill that expands the authority of out-of-state governments to regulate businesses with regard to online taxation.? Signers included Mr. Norquist, the keeper of the no-new-taxes pledge that almost every Republican in Washington has signed, conservative luminaries including Phyllis Schlafly and Richard Viguerie, and the heads of Heritage Action, the Heritage Foundation?s political arm, the Tea Party Patriots, Americans for Prosperity and FreedomWorks. ?We?re fairly confident that at the very least, we will slow this down,? said Dan Holler, a spokesman for Heritage Action. ?Then we have to make the arguments that can win.? With conservatives in Washington organizing against it, the bill faces an uphill climb in the House, but not a steep one. The House bill already has 65 co-sponsors, almost half of them Republican, and those Republicans include veteran conservatives like Representatives Joe Barton of Texas and Spencer Bachus of Alabama. Proponents point to their own conservative supporters, including Al Cardenas, chairman of the American Conservative Union, and Arthur Laffer, a conservative economist. The House Judiciary Committee chairman, Bob Goodlatte of Virginia, has said he will at least consider the measure. After the Senate?s passage, Mr. Goodlatte made it clear he would take his time with the legislation and would insist on significant changes. He suggested he may force more uniformity in sales tax rates and add legal recourse for Internet retailers facing multiple audits. But he did not indicate he planned to delay the issue in his committee. Conservative voices in Washington are being countered by reliably Republican business voices from home. Representative Tom Price, Republican of Georgia and a House conservative leader, said Monday that he was just starting to hear from both sides, including district retailers coming to his office. Mr. Price said he was undecided on the issue, but he noted the bill would now go to the House Judiciary Committee, not the tax-writing House Ways and Means Committee. That itself could ease the bill?s passage. A version of this article appeared in print on May 7, 2013, on page B1 of the New York edition with the headline: Senate Passes Bill to Widen Tax Collection On the Web.